Buddhism: Can supernatural powers be attained by becoming atheist like in Buddhism?
Buddhism has no place for a Supreme God. But to my knowledge Buddha and his disciples (e.g. Mogallana) had supernatural powers
How can a person attain supernatural powers by being atheist also?
I think one can attain supernatural powers by submitting to Supreme God. Please correct me if I am wrong
Supernatural powers according to your definitions are real normal human abilities according to Buddhism. There are two major types of powers, powers from within and the powers from without.
Obviously for all the learned Buddhists, the most important thing is to achieve the Enlightenment, understanding of your own "Primordial Awareness". But as you become aware of your own "Primordial Awareness", physical constraints become meaningless, hence the supernatural powers, this is the powers from within.
Many Christians keep asking stupid questions and comments about "Do you believe in God?", you must believe in "God" etc..., not knowing to believe in, to worship in and knowing the "God" are really three different things. There are the “book Buddhists” who read a few comments and translated books from western authors and said we Buddhists don't believe in God, again they misunderstood.
Let me clarify, we don't believe in one "God", or that the "God" is the Creator of the Universe; we do know of his existence and others like him, and we don't regard him or them as our point of “Refuge”. The term “Refuge” in our language is to rely on; just like Jews, Christians and Muslims and many other god based religions rely on their “God” for their own salvation.
We Buddhists have reliance on Buddha for his teaching; rely on the Dharma- the Buddha’s teaching to walk the path toward Enlightenment; and rely on Sangha- Monks, Nuns, and “Advanced Masters” as teachers and fellow students for mental support; and finally rely on ourselves to be diligent in practices and understand the Dharma to achieve Enlightenment.
If anything at all, we treat “God” and “Gods” just like any other sentient beings or just like friends as the "Gods" sometimes acted as our protectors to remove obstacles and warn off evils for us; so as a decent human beings, we reciprocate by offer them gifts and praises (sometimes they translated as Prayers (submissive attitude) - I disagree and I think the word “Praise” (with attitude of equal or otherwise) is a more appropriate word). Just like in human societies when people treat you nice, you do things in return, or we praise them, “you are such a great person; a good friend; a beautiful being; you have such great power and I respect you”, etc…
When these Gods have sworn to be your protectors and do things for you, you also have the supernatural powers, because they take care of things for you, and that is the power from without.
So do we believe in “God” or gods? the answer is a definite “Yes”, because we know of their existences. Do we worship them? if you consider taking a friend to lunch is worship, then yes, if you consider taking a friend to lunch is just being a good friend then that is what we are. Finally we take no “Refuge” to them because we know them, they are sentient beings that are still stuck in the realms of Samsara just like us. Finally we only take “Refuge” to Buddhism’s “Three Jewels” only.
I spent time writing a long article, my intent is simply want people to understand the "Real Buddhism." not the fantasy or misunderstood version.